The End of Subjectivism—The Begin of Individualism

“Как для астрономии трудность признания движения земли состояла в том, чтобы отказаться от непосредственного чувства неподвижности земли и такого же чувства движения планет, так и для истории трудность признания подчиненности личности законам пространства, времени и причин состоит в том, чтобы отказаться от непосредственного чувства независимости своей личности. Но, как в астрономии новое воззрение говорило: «Правда, мы не чувствуем движения земли, но, допустив ее неподвижность, мы приходим к бессмыслице; допустив же движение, которого мы не чувствуем, мы приходим к законам», — так и в истории новое воззрение говорит: «И правда, мы не чувствуем нашей зависимости, но, допустив нашу свободу, мы приходим к бессмыслице; допустив же свою зависимость от внешнего мира, времени и причин, приходим к законам».
В первом случае надо было отказаться от сознания несуществующей неподвижности в пространстве и признать неощущаемое нами движение; в настоящем случае — точно так же необходимо отказаться от несуществующей свободы и признать неощущаемую нами зависимость.”

Лев Толстой

It is amazing how Leo Tolstoy anticipated Fauceir Theory 😉 Well not actually the theory itself, but he made an exceptional point for the development of this theory and all scientific theory in general. He discovered the law that scientific progress requires relativization, the transition from subjective measures to objective ones. And by that the realization comes naturally that the measures are relative.

It was the demolition of the subjective measure of motion (acceleration felt by our inner ear) and its replacement by objective criteria that enabled scientists to appreciate the heliocentric solar system. It was the reference frame introduced by Einstein that allowed for a relative measuring of time (at least in the positive direction), and it is Fauceir Theory that now promotes to a relative measure of everything, including but not restricted to, physical values such as mass and time. The speed of light is no longer a constant and time exists in various (actually unlimited) frames. Only few of them point into the same direction.

Admittedly, that challenges all what we feel about our Universe, and it is hard to grasp it. Though I don’t think that physicists are the main adversaries of Fauceir Theory. The most rigid resistance stems from social scientists. Because it is feared that by accepting the absolute relativity of everything, society is deprived of all moral and ethical bonds and without those bonds a society is destroyed.

Maybe Leo Tolstoy forefelt that and he became fearful. Maybe that explains his decision not to follow this train of thought but instead to become a faithful believer in God later in his life.

It was interestingly an other Russian philosopher, Ayn Rand, who pushed this idea further into the social direction. Accepting the problem she offered a solution, egoism, and as a matter of fact egoism makes people behave rationally and predictably. Egoism is rationalism in a personal relationships, and rationalism is the only acceptable answer to the dethronement of ideologically determined ethical and moral values.

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This work by Paul Netman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

Fauceir theory is developed and © by Mato Nagel and available at